I would like you to learn a little bit about the religious history of the west, but I do not have the time in class to cover this section. As a way to get you to do this packet, I would like to offer EVERYONE (whether all blog posts are completed or not) the possibility of earning 15 points of extra credit this quarter. You must read the packet on the handouts page called “Ancient Religions of the West” and complete the questions at the end of the packet. Post your answers on your blog and title it “Blog Post 22 – Ancient Western Religions.” This is not an optional assignment.
1) When and Where did Zoroastrianism begin to flourish?
Zoroanstirams began to flourisan during the time o the Persian Empire in the 4th century.
2) How did Zoroastriansm spread beyond of origin?
It spread after the Persian empire was conquered by the Greeks.
3) Briefly describe the religious experience Zarathustra had a about age thirty?
At thirty, Zarathustra was taken by an angel to the Wise Lord Ahura Mazda. Here he saw Mazda as the one and only god.
4) Name the sacred text of Zorastrianism? What is the oldest material in this text and who rote it?
The Avestha. The Gathas is its oldest material written by Zarathrusta.
5) Summarize the characteristics and actions associated with Ahura Mazda.
Ahura Mazda represents the good in the world so he works against evil. He controls the universe and the destiny of all that lies in it.
6)What is ethical dualism?
The belief of a conflict between good and evil.
7) What is the Lie, and how does it relate to Ahura Mazda?
The Lie represents evil in the ethical conflict against Ahura Mazda.
8)What must humans choose between in the Zoroastrian cosmic scheme?
The Truth, which is good or the lie which is evil.
9) Summarize Zarathustra’s understanding of human destiny.
The good are rewarded by a sort of heaven and the bad are punished by going to a sort of hell.
10) What are the general ethical demands of traditional Zoroastrian life?
Ethical demands are to take care o agriculture and farming, to pray five times a day, and follow the truth.
11)Who are the Parsis, and where do most of them live today?
The Parsis practice zoroastrianism and today mostly live in India.
12) What are commonly regarded as having been the Bible of ancient Greeks?
The Illiad and the Odysey
13) Explain the meaning of this sentence: The gods of the Olympian pantheon are anthropomorphic.
This means they have human characteristics both physically and spiritually.
14) What was Aeschylus’s main contribution to the understanding of the gods of the Olympia pantheon? Give an example.
Aeschylus looked at the gods in a more theological way.
15) What is an oracle? What is the most famous oracle of ancient Greece, and why as it consulted?
An oracle is a place dedicated to a god.
16) Briefly identify the three basic aspects of the mystery religions.
Mystery religions are where people join by ceremonies are rituals of initiation, experience a deity personally, a spiritual rebirth is gained from this experience towards an afterlife.
17) What mystery religion honored Demeter and Persephone?
The lusian Mysteries
18)What is the god Dionysus associated with, and how is he often depicted in Greek art?
Fertility and growth, so she is often depicted with various grapes and vines.
19) Name the goal of ascetic practices of the Orphics.
For the soul to leave the body for something spiritual
20) What is Plato’s theory of knowledge?
The things we know in life have been carried from previous lives.
21) What is Platonic dualism?
It is the correlation between eternal perfection and the conflict of earthly imperfection.
22) Why did Jesus seem to have much in common with the ancient Asclepius?
Both were called “Savir” and had miraculous healing powers.
23) What were numina, and what sorts of things were they thought to inhabit?
Miracles or supernatural powers found within everyday roman life.
24) Who was the most powerful Roman deity?
25)Identify the six planets of our solar system that are named after Roman deities.
Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune, and Pluto.
26) Why did the Roman state consider it essential to maintain official worship practices?
In order to help the community.
27) Which mystery religions were the main rivals of Christianity in the later Roman Empire?
Mithraism and the Egyptian religion related to Isis
28) Briefly summarize the Egyptian myth of Isis and Osiris.
The two were married. Osiris was killed by his brother and Isis heartbroken tried to put him back together. He then became god of the underworld.
30) Why did Christians and Roman rulers clash over emperor worship?
People who worshiped the emperor could not be considered Christians as Christians are monotheistic. This created a schism between the two as Christians were seen not supporting the state.
- Religion’s Creation Story (dish.andrewsullivan.com)
- The Ancient Mysteries and Secret Societies (Part 1) (usahitman.com)
- Greece | Welcome Home (lieselcastillo.wordpress.com)