Buddism Questions

Please answer all of the questions from the Buddhism packet and post your answers on your blog.
1. What was the name of the man who later became the Buddha and  founded the religion of Buddism?
Siddartha Guatama
2. What were the for passing sights? Explain their significance to the origins of Buddhism.
An old man representing age, a diseased man representing sickness, a corpse representing death, and a wandering ascetic represent the next stage in his life.
3. Explain the doctrine of the Middle Way.
A doctrine that talks about the importance of physical and spiritual health.
4.Describe the event of Gautama’s attainment of enlightenment.
He was sitting under a bhondi tree in deep meditation.
5. What is Sangha? Who are its members?
Buddhist monks and nuns
6) What are the Three Jewels of Buddhism?
Sangha, Buddha, and Dharma
7) What features of Buddhist cosmology are shared with Hinduism?
The idea of rebirth and reincarnation, multiple paths to enlightenment, and detaching oneself from desire
8) Describe the Buddha’s reaction against early Hinduism.
He was opposed to things such as the caste system and the idea of deities.
9) Identify the Three Marks of Existence. How are they interrelated?
10) What is the doctrine of anatta? How does it relate to the Hindu concept of Atman?
It is denying the idea of permanence. This is different from Hinduism where the soul is seen as everlasting.
11) According to the Buddhist doctrine of samsara, what is actually reborn? Explain the role for karma in the Buddhist understanding of samsara.
Ones karma is reborn
12) List the Five Precepts, which apply to all Buddhists. Then list the five additional precepts that apply to monks and nuns.
-Do not take what is not given to you
-Do not take live
-Do not drink intoxicants
-Do not take life
-Do not engage in sensuous misconduct
Other Precepts:
-Do not eat after noon
-Do not watch dancing or shows
-Do not use perfumes, garlands, or ornament
-Do not accept gold or silver
13) What are some possible English translations for the term dukkah? Explain its meaning n your own words.
Suffering. Basically it is the pain in the world experienced by other.
14) What is tanha? How does it relate to dukka?
Tanha is thirst or desire. In Buddhism desire is the root of suffering.
15) List the steps of the Eightfold Path.
-Right View
-Right Intention
-Right Speech
-Right Action
-Right Livelihood
-Right Effort
-Right Concentration
-Right Mindfulness
16) What is the difference between the Buddha and other humans who attain Enlightenment?
Buddhas do not need help to reach nirvana like other people do.
17)Define and briefly describe the character of an arhat?
One who is enlightened
18) What is the literal meaning of the word nirvana? How does this help explain te concept of nirvana?

Buddhism, ‘a science of mind’

Buddhism, ‘a science of mind’ (Photo credit: zensquared)

means blowing out. This represents impermanence as a candle is not lit forever. IT can be blown out. Similarly one has to blow out their desire.
19) What are the three divisions of Buddhism?
-Mahayana
-Theravada
-Vajrayana
20) What is the main focus of Theravada Buddhism?
Texts and traditional monastic life
21) What is the literal meaning of the name Mahayana, and what are the implications of ht meaning?
It means great vehicle. It is the most popular form of Buddhism today.
23) Who is the Dalai Lama?
The leader of Tibetan Buddhism chosen after a series of chests at the young age of three.
24) What are the primary geographical regions of the three divisions of Buddhism?
Tibet, China, Cambodia, and most of Eastern Asia.

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